Quality of Life Among Ethnic Minorty Elderly in Vietnam: an implication for public health

Linh Dang; Quynh Long Khuong; Thi Thanh Dinh; Van Minh Hoang

 

Abstract

Objective: The study sought to explore the quality of life of ethnic minority elderly in Vietnam and the associated factors.

Methods: A cross-sectional design was used; elderly of 12 main ethnic minorities were surveyed across the domains of socioeconomic information, and all dimensions in the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire.

Results: The data were analyzed by Stata 12.0.20 Man-Whitney, Chi-square test and logistic regression with p values <0.05 considered significant.

Results: The results showed that, overall the quality of life of ethnic minority elderly was 0.81, in which 30% reported to have no problems within each dimension.  Advancing age, having communicable diseases and non-communicable diseases were significantly associated with a negative impact on EQ-5D-5L scores (?=-0.011, 95% CI (-0.013, -0.008), p<0.001; ?=-0.098, 95% CI (-0.162, -0.035), p=0.002; ?=-0.092, 95% CI -0.134, -0.051, p<0.001, respectively) using Multivariate tobit regression analyses.

Conclusion: The notable high QoL in ethnic minority older people could be a great interest for public health and further studies need to address the possible explanation so that the best potential intervention models could be developed to improve the quality of life of the elderly in Vietnam.

Nguồn: Viện Khoa học Sức khỏe (NIHS), Bệnh viện Bạch Mai

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